Piazza Cittadella 8, Piombino (LI)
The Museum is an integral part of the Archaeological Park of Baratti and Populonia project, and is the main show-case for the network of Parks of the Val di Cornia. With the aid of attractive reconstructions of ancient landscapes, activities and settings, it explains the changes brought about by man's presence on the promontory from prehistory to present times. The Museum is housed in the Palazzo Nuovo in the historic centre of Piombino. The Palazzo was built in the early 19th century for the ruling couple Felice and Elisa Bonaparte (Napoleon's sister), within the fortified "Cittadella" which Leonardo da Vinci had been involved in designing.
The Museum has been able to exhibit such a wealth of archaeological finds thanks to a pioneering agreement between the "Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali" ("Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Toscana"), the "Parchi Val di Cornia S.p.A." and the "Comune di Piombino". This agreement is in accordance with legislation governing collaboration between the Italian state, the "Regione Toscana", local authorities and cultural agencies.
It laid out over 1800 sq.m. on three floors.
The museum exhibits more than 3000 artefacts including prehistoric tools, finds excavated in Populonia's Etruscan cemeteries, and Roman objects.
Outstanding among these latter is the silver amphora found in 1968 in the sea between Baratti and San Vincenzo, a masterpiece of great intrinsic and artistic value.
The scientific exhibition project, handled by the Department of Archaeology of the University of Siena, has focused much attention on the teaching and communication aspects of the scientific data.
The visitor follows a route tracing historical development interpreted on the basis of the relationship between man, territory and resources, among which the theme of iron production, past and present, assumes a particularly important role.