The Territory through the Ages
The presence of the Medieval settlements and the agricultural and mining buildings of the modern period give the Park a particular complexity, produced from the continuous interaction between Man and Nature: the activities tied to the extraction of aluminous stone (used in days of old for tanning leather, fixing colours onto fabrics and for its hemostatic properties) and the forestry use (wood, coal, cork) have left numerous signs on the territory, still clearly visible today. Indeed, since the 19th Century, the forests of Montioni have represented a coal storage facility for the furnaces of Follonica and due to this have undergone cuttings of a notable size. The reserves of alum were widely exploited until the 15th Century and, in a certain way in the first decades of the 19th Century. It was during this period that the Prince and Princess of Piombino, Felice and Elisa Baciocchi, the sister of Napoleon Bonaparte, had a mining village built (Montioni Nuovo), still clearly visible today, with open-cast and underground mines, ovens for the baking or the coating of the aluminous stone, and the systems of the transport of the materials.
Chronology of the Park
‘70s-‘80s: planning of the territory coordinated with the Municipalities of the Val di Cornia, with the identification of the area to be destined for territorial public parks
1993 Establishment of the Val di Cornia Parks S.p.A., regulatory body of the System of the Parks of the Val di Cornia (investments and management)
2000-2001: production work on a hotel and holiday home in the Natural Park of Montioni
2002: opening of the facilities in the Natural Park Montioni